Here’s What You Need To Know About Water Retention

When you go on a diet, everyone always tells you that your water weight is the first to go, that you haven’t really lost anything, but what exactly does that mean?

Water retention is when your kidneys hold on to the extra water in your body when they sense an imbalance. Your kidneys are responsible for making sure all the other organs are functioning properly. The water retained by your kidneys can make different body parts swell, like how pregnant women have swollen feet.

But pregnancy isn’t the only cause of water retention. Eating foods with too much salt or sugar can also create an imbalance that can contribute to your water weight. Being dehydrated is another cause. Women retain water the most during a pregnancy, but also during the week before our periods.

The simplest way to get rid of water weight is to drink more water! The water will flush out all the stored water and sodium, and the swelling will eventually die down. You can also exercise more, and sweat out the excess liquid in your body.

Source: Pure Wow.

This story originally appeared on Cosmo.ph.

* Minor edits have been made by the Smartparenting.com.ph editors.

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How to Fight Adult Acne and Get Clear Skin in Your 30s

It’s one thing to zap zits when you’re in puberty, but it’s an entirely different thing to battle acne as an adult. When you’re in your 30s, anti-aging becomes a major concern, so slathering pore-refining products may not be enough. Dermatologist Kristina Reyes, M.D. weighs in on the proper balance of age-defying and pimple-fighting skincare:

1. Steer clear of anti-aging ingredients that may trigger acne.
“For 30s and above acne-prone women who want an anti-aging regimen, [they] better avoid some anti-aging ingredients like topical vitamin E, jojoba oil, or other types of butters that would trigger more oil formation and clogging of sebum in the oil glands,” Reyes explains. She also advised that there are certain exfoliants, like glycolic acid, mandelic, Malic acid and azelaic acid that can purify the pores. Retinoids can help clear the skin, too.

2. When dealing with hormonal acne, dealing with it from within is key.
Dr. Reyes explains the case of pimples that come with Aunt Flo’s monthly visit in detail: “More than 50 percent of acne prone women would experience acne flares few days before actual onset of menstruation. This can be attributed to the low level of of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) compared to the male hormone level (testosterone, which is a male hormone is still being produced in consistent small amounts in women) five to ten days before menstrual bleeding.

“Usually, a woman cycle consists of 28-30 days. During the first 15 days, there would be an increase in estrogen levels and it starts to fall on the 14th day onwards until it reaches its lowest level days before the actual bleeding. Progesterone on the other hand will start to rise on the 14th day of cycle then levels will go down together with estrogen. The slight rise of progesterone during the mid cycle will trigger sebum/oil production in the sebaceous glands,while the higher level of testosterone before menses will activate the sebaceous glands to make more oil.”

She also revealed that some lucky women who aren’t prone to having pimples can look more radiant when their period is about to draw near. On the other hand, acne-prone women will produce a large amount of thicker sebum/oil on their face that would clog the pores together with dead skin cells and bacteria. This then will eventually lead to acne flare.

She disclosed that there are medications a woman can take to prevent this. “For hormonal acne, some birth control pills may help by increasing estrogen and negating the effects of testosterone. Some hormonal medications (spironolactone, flutamide, cyproterone acetate, finasteride, and cortexolone 17α-propionate) may also be prescribed by your doctors if the acne flares persist. But the use of this should be regulated by your doctors since these medicines are not for everyone. They have some serious side effects and your doctor will help you decide if it’s right for you and your condition,” she clarifies.

This story originally appeared on FemaleNetwork.com.

* Minor edits have been made by the Smartparenting.com.ph editors.

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These Nail Polish Markers Are Heaven-Sent for Busy Women!

Remember back in grade school, when you’d use your school supplies to paint your nails? Coloring them in with colored markers or liquid paper felt rebellious and cool—never mind if you had to remove them right away.

Ciaté London is touching on that part of our childhood with their newest nail polish innovation: Mani Markers. As the name implies, they’re designed to look and work like the colored pens of our youth. They promise to give you a pretty paint job in an instant—on their website, Ciaté says it just takes three minutes!

[instagram:https://www.instagram.com/p/BKJS_y3AkyV/]

Currently, colors include Lady Luck, a fiery red; Beauty Queen, a bright pink; Vintage Vamp, a rich plum; Role Model, a deep indigo; and Thrill Seeker, a striking teal. Ciaté’s website seems to always not have it on stock (maybe it’s that good?) though they seem to replenish regularly, according to the brand’s Instagram account.

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Here’s how easy it is to apply:

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Each Mani Marker retails for $12 (P570)—definitely not cheap, considering it only has 8ml of product, as opposed to regular ones that contain around 14ml. So we did a little snooping to see if they’re actually worth it, and came across this review on YouTube:

It’s a little bit tricky to put on, sure, but it may still be easier than going the traditional route if you hardly have the time. If you do consider buying this, just make sure you keep it out of your children’s reach. At that price, you don’t want it to end up on your kid’s artwork.

Would you consider buying these, or are you going to stick to traditional brush applicators and visits to the neighborhood salon? Let us know!

This story originally appeared on Cosmo.ph.

* Minor edits have been made by the Smartparenting.com.ph editors.

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Should Pregnant Women Avoid Cow’s Milk?

Foods of animal origin in general naturally contain hormones, but cow’s milk may be of particular concern. The hormones naturally found even in organic cow’s milk may have played a role in studies that found a relationship between dairy products and human illnesses, such as acne, certain cancers and male reproductive disorders. Milk consumption has also been associated with an increased risk of early puberty in girls and endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women, but “hormonal levels in food could be particularly dangerous in the case of vulnerable populations, such as young children or pregnant women. To this critical population, even a small hormonal intake could lead to major changes in the metabolism.”

If you check out my video Why Do Vegan Women Have 5x Fewer Twins, you can see that children are highly sensitive to sex steroids. Because their levels of sex steroids are very low, even a small variation would account for a major change in the total activity of the involved hormone. Because no lower threshold for estrogenic action has been established, caution should be taken to avoid unnecessary exposure of fetuses and children to exogenous sex steroids, even at very low levels.

In the AMA’s Pediatrics Journal, the Chair of Boston Children’s Hospital’s Obesity Prevention Center along with the chair of Harvard’s nutrition department questioned dairy industry recommendations that children should drink three glasses of milk a day. Dairy milk evolved to promote the growth of grazing animals at high risk for predation when small, so they needed to put on a few hundred pounds quickly in the first few months of life.

The consequences of lifetime human exposure to such growth factors in milk have not been well studied. They wrote:

“Milk consumption increases serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor 1, which is linked to prostate and other cancers. In addition, modern industrial methods maintain dairy cows in active milk production throughout their pregnancies, resulting in a milk supply with high levels of reproductive hormones.”

Pregnant cows excrete significantly higher levels of sex steroids into their milk than non-pregnant cows. The subsequent consumption of such dairy products from pregnancy results in additional consumer exposure. And it’s not just dairy. Although dairy products are an important source of hormones, other products of animal origin must be considered as well. All edible tissues of animal origin contain estrogen. This may explain why, in a study of over a thousand women eating plant-based diets, vegan women have a twinning rate that is one fifth that of vegetarians and omnivores.

Twin pregnancies are risky pregnancies, with much higher complication rates. Many parents and physicians underestimate the negative consequences of multiple pregnancy, but women with a multiple pregnancy face greater risks for themselves and their infants. Twin babies may be ten times more likely to die at birth. To avoid these complications, the research team writes, “women attempting conception should avoid milk and dairy products.”

Minimizing dairy, our nation’s #1 source of saturated fat may be a good idea for dads too: Dairy Estrogen and Male Fertility.

What about the endocrine-disrupting xenoestrogens–how do they compare with the natural hormones in our food supply? That was the topic of my video Estrogen in Meat, Dairy, and Eggs.

Then once they’re born, best to stick to human milk:

Then as young children, dairy can sometimes cause another problem: Childhood Constipation and Cow’s Milk

Here’s a selection of other pregnancy-related videos:

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live, year-in-review presentations—2013: Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death, More Than an Apple a Day, 2014: From Table to Able: Combating Disabling Diseases with Food, 2015: Food as Medicine: Preventing and Treating the Most Dreaded Diseases with Diet, and my latest, 2016: How Not To Die: The Role of Diet in Preventing, Arresting, and Reversing Our Top 15 Killers.

Image Credit: LivingLandscapeArchitecture / Flickr

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Estrogen in Animal Products

Estrogen hormones can be thousands of times more estrogenic than typical endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Dietary exposure to natural sex steroids (in meat, dairy, and eggs) is “therefore highly relevant in the discussion of the impact of estrogens on human development and health.” And chicken estrogen is identical to human estrogen—they’re the same molecule. So it doesn’t matter if it ends up in our drinking supply from women taking birth control pills excreting it in their urine, or cows excreting it into their milk. The source doesn’t matter; the quantity does.

If you check out my video Estrogen in Meat, Dairy, and Eggs, you can see that a child’s exposure to estrogens in drinking water is about 150 times lower than exposure from cow’s milk, so our day-to-day estrogen exposure levels are more likely determined by whether or not we happen to eat dairy products that day.

Human urine is “often cited as the main source of natural and synthetic estrogens in the aquatic environment,” but the level of estrogen even in the urine of heavy meat-eaters, who have significantly higher levels, pales in comparison to the estrogen excreted by the farm animals themselves. Pig, sheep, cattle, and chickens produce literally tons of estrogen every year.

Women may excrete 16 mg every day, but farm animals may release ten times more, or in the case of pregnant cows, thousands of times more. Animal waste may contribute an estimated 90% of total estrogens in the environment. Five gallons of runoff water contaminated with chicken manure may contain a birth control pill’s worth of estrogen.

Estrogen levels in poultry litter are so high that when farmers feed chicken manure to their animals to save on feed costs, it may trigger premature development. Poultry manure has among the highest hormone content, quadruple the total estrogens, and nine times more 17-beta estradiol, the most potent estrogen and a “complete” carcinogen, as it exerts both tumor initiating and tumor promoting effects.

From a human health standpoint, do we really care about feminized fish, or the appearance of “intersex roaches”? The problem is that the hormones get into the food supply. Endogenous steroid hormones in food of animal origin are unavoidable as they occur naturally in these products. It’s not a matter of injected hormones, which are banned in places like Europe in order to protect consumers’ health. Sex steroid hormones are part of animal metabolism, and so all foodstuffs of animal origin contain these hormones, which have been connected with several human health problems. (See Why Do Vegan Women Have 5x Fewer Twins?)

What effects might these female hormones have on men? See Dairy Estrogen and Male Fertility.

The implications of this relatively new practice of milking cows even when they’re pregnant is further explored in:

More on xenoestrogens in:

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live, year-in-review presentations—2013: Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death, More Than an Apple a Day, 2014: From Table to Able: Combating Disabling Diseases with Food, 2015: Food as Medicine: Preventing and Treating the Most Dreaded Diseases with Diet, and my latest, 2016: How Not To Die: The Role of Diet in Preventing, Arresting, and Reversing Our Top 15 Killers.

Image Credit: BruceBlaus

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Clinton diagnosed with pneumonia, ‘dehydrated’ at 9/11 event

Hillary Clinton was diagnosed with pneumonia and was dehydrated when she suddenly left a 9/11 memorial ceremony Sunday, her doctor said, sparking fresh speculation about the Democratic presidential candidate’s health barely eight weeks from Election Day.

The post Clinton diagnosed with pneumonia, ‘dehydrated’ at 9/11 event appeared first on Inquirer News.

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Try the ‘Ube Express’ From NAIA to Commute Home


The Department of Transportation has relaunched the Ube Express, a premium airport bus service that caters to passengers across all Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) terminals, GMA News reported. The Department of Transportation (DOTr), in partnership with Air 21, initially launched the Ube Express with six 45-seater interim buses in February 2016.

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The service has various stops that include hotels and business centers at the Makati business district, Roxas Boulevard, and Intramuros in Manila. Passengers can enjoy the newly purchased 24-seater air-conditioned Mercedes Benz buses complete with WiFi and CCTV security systems for a maximum fare of P300. There’s also an introductory fee of P150 for passengers traveling until December 2016. Tickets can be purchased at the Ube Express airport booths or by booking online.

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Meanwhile, ABS-CBN noted that the NAIA Expressway will be open for motorists by September 22. The NAIA Expressway will provide a direct route from NAIA Terminals 1 and 2 to parts of the south including SM Mall of Asia and the Cavite Expressway. Motorists will be charged a toll fee of P35 to access the expressway.

Two other road-decongestion projects linking NAIA to other expressways will be completed by December and January.

This story originally appeared on Spot.ph.

* Minor edits have been made by the Smartparenting.com.ph editors.

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You Can Wear Flats to the Office and Still Look Stylish

There’s an unwritten rule that heels must be worn to conquer the workplace. Well, you can now ditch that so-called rule. Simply take cues from these sophisticated outfit ideas, and dare to wear comfy flats to work:

1. Play with bold colors.

2. Pair flats with unexpected prints.


3. Slip on strappy Mary Janes for a girly yet elegant look.


4. Contrast fluid fabric with menswear-inspired footwear.


5. A shift dress can look fierce with lace-up, pointed-toe flats.


6. Combine jewel tones and bold prints for an instant luxe appeal.


7. Put on a silk blouse to make jogger pants and loafers workwear-appropriate.


8. Match a dainty dress with colorful flats.


9. Tailored and well-fitted pieces are enough to elevate your look—heels unrequired.


This story originally appeared on FemaleNetwork.com.

* Minor edits have been made by the Smartparenting.com.ph editors.

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What to Eat and What to Avoid to Protect Against Kidney Cancer

58,000 Americans are diagnosed with kidney cancer every year, and 13,000 die. And the numbers have been rising. Approximately 4 percent of cases are hereditary, but what about the other 96 percent? Historically, the only accepted risk factor has been tobacco use, but cigarette smoking has been declining. So, what’s going on?

Nitrosamines are one of the most potent carcinogens in cigarette smoke. One hot dog has as many nitrosamines and nitrosamides as five cigarettes. And these carcinogens are also found in fresh meat as well: beef, chicken, and pork. So, even though smoking rates have dropped, perhaps the rise in kidney cancer over the last few decades may have something to do with meat consumption. But would kidney cancer just be related to the processed meats like bacon, sausage, hot dogs, and cold cuts that have nitrate and nitrite additives, or fresh meat as well?

The NIH-AARP study featured in my video Can Diet Protect Against Kidney Cancer? is the largest prospective study on diet and health ever performed—about 500,000 men and women followed for nine years. In addition to examining nitrate and nitrite intake from processed meat, they also looked at intake from other sources such as fresh meat, eggs, and dairy. Nitrite from all animal sources, not just processed meats, was associated with an increased risk of kidney cancer. The researchers found no associations with nitrate or nitrite intake from plant sources.

When meat producers advertise their bacon or lunch meat as “uncured,” this means no nitrites or nitrates added. But if you look at the small print, you’ll see something like “except for celery juice.” That’s just a sneaky way to add nitrites. Processed meat producers ferment the nitrates in celery to create nitrites, then add it to the meat: a practice even the industry admits “may be viewed as incorrect at best or deceptive at worst.”

But that same fermentation of nitrates to nitrites can happen thanks to bacteria on our tongue when we eat vegetables. So, why are nitrates and nitrites from vegetables on our tongue harmless, but nitrates and nitrites from vegetables in meat linked to cancer? The actual carcinogens are not nitrites, but nitrosamines and nitrosamides. In our stomach, to turn nitrites into nitros-amines, and nitros-amides, we need amines and amides, which are concentrated in animal products. And vitamin C and other antioxidants in plant foods block the formation of these carcinogens in our stomach. That’s why we can safely benefit from the nitrates in vegetables without the cancer risk. In fact, some of the highest nitrate vegetables, like arugula, kale, and collards, are associated with decreased risk of kidney cancer. The more plants, it appears, the better.

Plant-based diets and fiber-rich diets are recommended to prevent cancer, as well as chronic conditions associated with kidney cancer, such as obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes. It’s like sodium intake and kidney cancer. Sodium intake increases kidney disease risk, but that’s not just because sodium intake increases blood pressure. It appears the salt is associated with increased cancer risk even independently of hypertension. What about plant-based diets? Turns out the protective association remains even in people who are not obese and have normal blood pressure. So overall, plant-based and fiber-rich diets appear to do both: decrease cancer risk directly and indirectly.

I briefly address kidney health in Preventing Kidney Failure Through Diet and Treating Kidney Failure Through Diet, but have a whole series of more in-depth videos dealing with various kidney issues.

More on the fascinating nitrate story, involving improving athletic performance and blood flow with nitrate-rich vegetables:

More on carcinogens caused by cooking meat in videos like:

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live, year-in-review presentations—2013: Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death, More Than an Apple a Day, 2014: From Table to Able: Combating Disabling Diseases with Food, 2015: Food as Medicine: Preventing and Treating the Most Dreaded Diseases with Diet, and my latest, 2016: How Not To Die: The Role of Diet in Preventing, Arresting, and Reversing Our Top 15 Killers.

Image Credit: RDSVS / Flickr

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